SRI's Shakey

The "Stanford Cart" and SRI's "Shakey" were the first mobile robots controlled by computers (room-sized, radio linked). Both saw with TV cameras. Shakey could locate large prismatic objects (alas unreliably), and plan actions to achieve requested results. Their control complexity was far greater than Elsie's or the Beast's, and the use of computers to control robots can be compared to the advent of multicellular animals with nervous systems in the Cambrian explosion: both events blew the lid on behavioral complexity in their respective domains.